In the USA, nearly 100000 people are diagnosed with melanoma in this year.melanoma is the rarest kind of skin cancer. It is very dangerous.
Melanoma tumor spread on the surface of the skin, small, but they develop into the skin, they may spread to the other organs. the early detection of melanoma is the key to treatment.
What is the melanoma?
Melanoma starts from the random growth of melanocytes, that a type of the cells of the skin. Melanin is formed from melanocytes, that a brown pigment, and give the color to the skin and when the skin is exposed to the sun, melanocytes cause the skin to tan.
Who is the person that infect with melanoma?
There are many things that increase the risk for melanoma, one of the most dangerous ones is the exposure to the UV light from the sun.
in the past, the majority of melanoma is caused by the exposure to the sun. If you had a sunburn when you were a child, that may increase your risk.also, the bad burns may lead to skin cancer.
There are another risk factors that include:
- Having a red hair
- Having a lot of spots
- The Genetics
- Having skin burns easily
Also, the persons that have a dark hair and skin may melanoma, so it is very important for everyone to examine on his skin regularly.
How to detect the melanoma?
unlike cancers you can not see, If there is a silver lining around melanoma, you should watch and check on the things on your skin’s surface, and looking for the spots, and catch it early.
The skin care foundation device with examination on your skin once a month. Examine your skin good from head to toe, by using the mirror, to can see your back and other hard places.
Dr. George recommends that any spot that has the diameter greater than 6 millimeters, it must be checked by a dermatologist.
To examine the melanoma symptoms, look at your spots using the ABCDE method:
Asymmetry: Are both the halves of the spot as the same? The spots of melanoma appear asymmetric, while the normal spots are typically symmetric.
Border: Irregular or curly defined edges may be melanoma. Healthy spots have sharp, regular borders.
Color: Melanomas spots have many colors, black, brown, red, or blue. Normal spots are one color or two.
Diameter: If the spot is greater than 6 millimeters in the diameter, you must see a doctor. In this days, we see melanomas that are small and regular spots that are large, Dr. George says, but typically melanomas are larger.
Evolving: Melanoma changes unlike, the normal spots. The healthy spots are not changed much, even in adulthood, unlike, melanoma spots which change in size, color, shape, texture, border, if you notice that, you must see a doctor.
What should you do if you detect abnormal spot?
If you see a spot on the skin that has features similar to the ABCDE or detects any of melanoma symptoms, connects with a dermatologist directly.